Cats communicate with many sounds and expressions. The signals cats use to communicate with other cats and humans can be difficult for people to understand; we tend to want to interpret them in the same way we interpret our own language.
Be aware that each cat is unique and has its own personality. Nonetheless, you can try to analyse its signals, so that you are better able to communicate.
Through your cat's posture, its expressions and the sounds it makes, you can learn more about "cat language" and what it means!
To express what they're feeling, cats adopt different postures. A frightened cat may curl the end of its tail, or sit in a ball when they see you. These different reflexes translate into the cat's mood, but can also be messages that he's trying to send you.
Tail positions: a cat's tail is a good indicator of its mood. If it's hanging low, your cat is in a neutral mood. If it's curled high, it means your cat is excited or wants to play. If your cat bats its tail strongly back and forth, it's angry.
Ear positions: Cat's also show their mood through their ears. If the ears are straight and pointing forward, your cat is feeling neutral. If they are flattened and pinned back, your cat is irritated or even ready to attack. If they are pointed backwards, your cat may be scared.
Eyes: Though it sounds strange, your cat's eyes are also a good indicator of their mood. If the pupils are dilated, your cat is excited and alert. However if they are very small, your cat is probably in the middle of hunting. If they are somewhere between the two, your cat is neutral.
Miaowing: It's no coincidence that cats miaow more around people than they do around other cats. After so many years of being domesticated, cats have developed ways of communicating with their owners. But miaowing doesn't always mean they want something; cats also miaow to express feelings such as pain or boredom. In general, long miaows are a complaint – about boredom or hunger.
Usually when you cat miaows in your company it means the cat is after something. What your cat closely to understand what it needs.
Growling and yowling: This is a sort of cry let out by cats when they are angry. You will definitely hear this noise whenever two cats meet each other for the first time. They may also let out this sound when they are frustrated; for example, when you are trying to give them medicine.
Cackling: Cats often make this sound when they spot prey. This small clicking sound made with the cat's teeth serves to release some tension and frustration. A cat may also make this noise when you tell them off.
Purring: contrary to what you might think, purring doesn't always mean your cat is feeling happy or contented. Cats do purr when they're happy, but also when they're anxious or in pain. Purring has a calming effect which also works on people.
Your cat rolls around: Cats usually do this when they see you. This gesture is a mixture of a sign of submission and the cat feeling relaxed. Cats do this around people they like and trust.
Your cat rubs its head against your leg: this means your cat loves you and wants to let you know. When cats rub their faces on something they leave behind pheromones and share their scent with you.
If your cat starts behaving strangely, or begins to isolate himself, this can be a sign that something is wrong. That's why it's important to pay attention to your cat and what it may be trying to tell you.